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Confluence page built with Foliant

Confluence backend generates confluence articles and uploads them on your confluence server. It can create and edit pages in Confluence with content based on your Foliant project.

It also has a feature of restoring the user inline comments, added for the article, even after the commented fragment was changed.

This backend adds the confluence target for your Foliant make command.


$ pip install foliantcontrib.confluence

The backend requires Pandoc to be installed on your system. Pandoc is needed to convert Markdown into HTML.


To upload a Foliant project to Confluence server use make confluence command:

$ foliant make confluence
Parsing config... Done
Making confluence... Done
Result: (Page Title)


You have to set up the correct config for this backend to work properly.

Specify all options in backend_config.confluence section:

    passfile: confluence_secrets.yml
    host: ''
    login: user
    password: user_password
    id: 124443
    title: Title of the page
    space_key: "~user"
    parent_id: 124442
    parent_title: Parent
    test_run: false
    notify_watchers: false
    toc: false
    nohead: false
    restore_comments: true
    resolve_if_changed: false
    pandoc_path: pandoc
    verify_ssl: true
    cloud: false
        - license.txt
        - project.pdf
Path to YAML-file holding credentials. See details in Supplying Credentials section. Default: confluence_secrets.yml
Required Host of your confluence server.
Login of the user who has permissions to create and update pages. If login is not supplied, it will be prompted during the build.
Password of the user. If the password is not supplied, it will be prompted during the build.
ID of the page where the content will be uploaded. Only for already existing pages
Title of the page to be created or updated.

Remember that page titles in one space must be unique.

The space key where the page(s) will be created/edited. Only for not yet existing pages.
ID of the parent page under which the new one(s) should be created. Only for not yet existing pages.
Another way to define the parent of the page. Lower priority than paren_di. Title of the parent page under which the new one(s) should be created. The parent should exist under the space_key specified. Only for not yet existing pages.
If this option is true, Foliant will prepare the files for uploading to Confluence, but won't actually upload them. Use this option for testing your content before upload. The prepared files can be found in .confluencecache/debug folder. Default: false
If true — watchers will be notified that the page has changed. Default: false
Set to true to add a table of contents to the beginning of the document. Default: false
If set to true, first title will be removed from the page. Use it if you are experiencing duplicate titles. Default: false
Attempt to restore inline comments near the same places after updating the page. Default: true
Delete inline comment from the source if the commented text was changed. This will automatically mark the comment as resolved. Default: false
Path to Pandoc binary (Pandoc is used to convert Markdown into HTML).
If false, SSL verification will be turned off. Sometimes when dealing with Confluence servers in Intranets it's easier to turn this option off rather than fight with admins. Not recommended to turn off for public servers in production. Default: true
If true, foliant will try to publish content without HTML code formatting, which introduces unwanted spaces and newlines when working with Confluence Cloud.
List of files (relative to project root) which should be attached to the Confluence page.
Configuration for converting Markdown code blocks into code-block macros. See details in Code blocks processing sections.

User's guide

Uploading articles

By default, if you specify id or space_key and title in foliant.yml, the whole project will be built and uploaded to this page.

If you wish to upload separate chapters into separate articles, you need to specify the respective id or space_key and title in meta section of the chapter.

Meta section is a YAML-formatted field-value section in the beginning of the document, which is defined like this:

field: value
field2: value

Your chapter md-content

or like this:


Your chapter md-content

The result of the above examples will be exactly the same. Just remember that first syntax, with three dashes --- will only work if it is in the beginning of the document. For all other cases use the meta-tag syntax.

If you want to upload a chapter into confluence, add its properties under the confluence key like this:

    title: My confluence page
    space_key: "~user"

You chapter md-content

Important notice! Both modes work together. If you specify the id1 in foliant.yml and id2 in chapter's meta — the whole project will be uploaded to the page with id1, and the specific chapter will also be uploaded to the page with id2.

Notice You can omit title param in metadata. In this case section heading will be used as a title.

If you want to upload just a part of the chapter, specify meta tag under the heading, which you want to upload, like this:

# My document

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit. Explicabo quod omnis ipsam necessitatibus, enim voluptatibus.

## Components

        title: 'System components'
        space_key: '~user'

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit. Vel, atque!

In this example, only the Components section with all its content will be uploaded to Confluence. The My document heading will be ignored.

Creating pages

If you want a new page to be created for content in your Foliant project, just supply in foliant.yml the space key and a title that does not yet exist in this space. Remember that in Confluence page titles are unique inside one space. If you use a title of an already existing page, the backend will attempt to edit it and replace its content with your project.

Example config for this situation is:

    login: user
    password: pass
    title: My unique title
    space_key: "~user"

Now if you change the title in your config, confluence will create a new page with the new title, leaving the old one intact.

If you want to change the title of your page, the answer is in the following section.

Updating pages

Generally to update the page contents you may use the same config you used to create it (see the previous section). If the page with a specified title exists, it will be updated.

Also, you can just specify the id of an existing page. After build its contents will be updated.

    login: user
    password: pass
    id: 124443

This is also the only way to edit a page title. If title param is specified, the backend will attempt to change the page's title to the new one:

    login: user
    password: pass
    id: 124443
    title: New unique title

Updating part of a page

Confluence backend can also upload an article into the middle of a Confluence page, leaving all the rest of it intact. To do this you need to add an Anchor into your page in the place where you want Foliant content to appear.

  1. Go to Confluence web interface and open the article.
  2. Go to Edit mode.
  3. Put the cursor in the position where you want your Foliant content to be inserted and start typing {anchor to open the macros menu and locate the Anchor macro.
  4. Add an anchor with the name foliant.
  5. Save the page.

Now if you upload content into this page (see two previous sections), Confluence backend will leave all text which was before and after the anchor intact, and add your Foliant content in the middle.

You can also add two anchors: foliant_start and foliant_end. In this case, all text between these anchors will be replaced by your Foliant content.

Known issue: right now this mode doesn't work with layout sections. If you are using sections, whole content will be overwritten.

Inserting raw confluence tags

If you want to supplement your page with confluence macros or any other storage-specific HTML, you may do it by wrapping them in the <raw_confluence></raw_confluence> tag.

For example, if you wish to add a table of contents into the middle of the document for some reason, you can do something like this:

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit. Odit dolorem nulla quam doloribus delectus voluptate.

<raw_confluence><ac:structured-macro ac:macro-id="1" ac:name="toc" ac:schema-version="1"/></raw_confluence>

Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit. Officiis, laboriosam cumque soluta sequi blanditiis, voluptatibus quaerat similique nihil debitis repellendus.

In version 0.6.15 we've added an experimental feature of automatically escaping <ac:...></ac:...> tags for you. So if you want to insert, say, an image with native Confluence tag ac:image, you don't have to wrap it in raw_confluence tag, but keep in mind following caveats:

  • singleton ac:... tags are not supported, so <ac:emoticon ac:name="cross" /> will not work, you will have to provide the closing tag: <ac:emoticon ac:name="cross"></ac:emoticon>,
  • only ac:... tags are escaped right now, other confluence tags like ri:... or at:... are left as is. If these tags appear inside ac:... tag, it's ok. If otherwise, ac:... tag appears inside at:... or ri:... tag, everything will break.

Attaching files

To attach an arbitrary file to Confluence page simply put path to this file in the attachments parameter in foliant.yml or in meta section.

This will just tell Foliant to attach this file to the page, but if you want to reference it in text, use the other approach:

Insert Confluence ac:link tag to attachment right inside your Markdown document and put local path to your file in the ri:filename parameter like this:

Presentation in PDF:

  <ri:attachment ri:filename="presentation.pdf"/>

In this case Foliant will upload the presentation.pdf to the Confluence page and make a link to it in the text. The path in ri:filename parameter should be relative to current Markdown file, but you can use !path, !project_path modifiers to reference images relative to project root.

Advanced images

Confluence has an ac:image tag which allows you to transform and format your attached images:

  • resize,
  • set alignment,
  • add borders,
  • etc.

Since version 0.6.15 you have access to all these features. Now instead of plain Markdown-image syntax you can use native Confluence image syntax. Add an ac:image tag as if you were editing page source in Confluence interface and use local relative path to the image as if you were inserting Markdown-image.

For example, if you have an image defined like this:

![My image](img/picture.png)

and you want to resize it to 600px and align to center, replace it with following tag:

<ac:image ac:height="600" ac:align="center">
    <ri:attachment ri:filename="img/picture.png" />

As you noticed, you should put path to your image right inside the ri:filename param. This path should be relative to current Markdown file, but you can (since 0.6.16) use !path, !project_path modifiers to reference images relative to project root.

Here's a link to Confluence docs about ac:image tag and all possible options.

If you want to upload an external image, you can also use this approach, just insert that proper ac:image tag, no need for raw_confluence:

External image:

<ri:url ri:value="" /></ac:image>

Code blocks processing

Since 0.6.9 backend converts Markdown code blocks into Confluence code-block macros. You can tune the macros appearance by specifying some options in codeblocks config section of Confluence backend

        codeblocks:  # all are optional
            theme: django
            title: Code example
            linenumbers: false
            collapse: false
Color theme of the code blocks. Should be one of:
  • emacs,
  • django,
  • fadetogrey,
  • midnight,
  • rdark,
  • eclipse,
  • confluence.
Title of the code block.
Show line numbers in code blocks. Default: false
Collapse code blocks into a clickable bar. Default: false

Right now Foliant only converts code blocks by backticks/tildes (tabbed code blocks are ignored for now):

This code block will be converted:

def test2():
And this:
def test3():

Syntax name, defined after backticks/tildes is converted into its Confluence counterpart. Right now following syntaxes are supported:

  • actionscript,
  • applescript,
  • bash,
  • c,
  • c,
  • coldfusion,
  • cpp,
  • cs,
  • css,
  • delphi,
  • diff,
  • erlang,
  • groovy,
  • html,
  • java,
  • javascript,
  • js,
  • perl,
  • php,
  • powershell,
  • python,
  • xml,
  • yaml.

Supplying Credentials

There are several ways to supply credentials for your confluence server.

1. In foliant.yml

The most basic way is just to put credentials in foliant.yml:

        login: user
        password: pass

It's not very secure because foliant.yml is usually visible to everybody in your project's git repository.

2. Omit credentials in config

A slightly more secure way is to remove password or both login and password from config:

        login: user

In this case Foliant will prompt for missing credentials during each build:

$ foliant make confluence
Parsing config... Done
Applying preprocessor confluence_final... Done
Making confluence...

!!! User input required !!!
Please input password for user:

3. Using environment variables

Foliant 1.0.12 can access environment variables inside config files with !env modifier.

        login: !env CONFLUENCE_USER
        password: !env CONFLUENCE_PASS

Now you can add these variables into your command:

CONFLUENCE_USER=user CONFLUENCE_PASS=pass foliant make confluence

Or, if you are using docker:

docker-compose run --rm -e CONFLUENCE_USER=user -e CONFLUENCE_PASS=pass foliant make confluence

4. Using passfile

Finally, you can use a passfile. Passfile is a yaml-file which holds all your passwords. You can keep it out from git-repository by storing it only on your local machine and production server.

To use passfile, add a passfile option to foliant.yml:

        passfile: confluence_secrets.yaml

The syntax of the passfile is the following:

    login: password

For example:
    user1: wFwG34uK
    user2: MEUeU3b4
    admin: adminpass

If there are several records for a specified host in passfile (like in the example above), Foliant will pick the first one. If you want specific one of them, add the login parameter to your foliant.yml:

        passfile: confluence_secrets.yaml
        login: user2


The following wonderful tools and libraries are used in foliantcontrib.confluence:

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