Creating the Gibberish Generator¶
There are already several Python packages present on PyPi which generate placeholder texts like loremipsum but we won't deprive ourselves of the fun of creating our own.
Let's define some requirements:
- The generated text should consist of sentences that start with a capital letter and end with a dot.
- There should be a way of controlling the size of the sentence and the number of sentences in the resulting text.
- The words in the text should have at least a slight resemblance with real language words.
The last requirement is a bit tricky: we don't want words like
zxd in our text, or at least not too many of those, so that the text looks a bit more real. So what we will do is create a simple
gen_word function which will generate a word with a random number of letters, but the letters will be picked in a more controlled way by another function called
from random import randint def gen_word(): word_len = randint(2, 9) #  return ''.join(pick_letter() for _ in range(word_len)) # 
- We've restricted the length of the words to 2 to 9 letters so we could avoid too short and too long words.
pick_letterfunction will be supplying us with random letters.
Now to the
pick_letter function. To make the words look real we don't want this function to return too many of the letters q, w, x and z, which don't appear in the words often. We also want to get more vowels than consonants:
kiobe looks more like a word than
Here's one way to do it
from random import choice, random def pick_letter(): rare_letters = 'qwxz' vowels = 'aeiouy' consonants = 'cdfghjklmnprstv' pick = random() #  if pick > 0.9: #  return choice(rare_letters) #  elif pick > 0.25: #  return choice(vowels) #  else: return choice(consonants) # 
- Get a random float number from the
randomreturns a float from 0.0 to 1.0, there's about a 10% chance of getting a float that is larger than 0.9.
- In this case, we will randomly pick one of the rare letters: q, w, x, or z with the
- The chance of getting a float between 0.25 and 0.9 is about 65%.
- In this case, we will return a vowel.
- Finally, with a chance of about 25%, we will be returning one of the remaining consonants.
Let's put it all together and test our
>>> gen_word() 'eojuo' >>> gen_word() 'soe' >>> gen_word() 'qwiim' >>> gen_word() 'itookao'
Oh my god, I think we've just created the Finnish language! Jokes aside, it seems that our words generator works fine.
Now we need to create functions for generating sentences and putting them together in a text.
def gen_sentence(num_words=7): #  words = (gen_word() for _ in range(num_words)) #  return ' '.join(words).capitalize() # 
- The number of words in the sentence is determined by the
num_wordsparameter with a sensible default of 7 words.
- Creating a generator that will yield a new word a required number of times.
- Joining the generated words into a single string, separated by spaces. We are also making the first word capitalized in our sentence.
A quick test to make sure it works
>>> gen_sentence() 'Oveecyyi tukzgoli zvo uqyi ujiffrl viivu odui' >>> gen_sentence(3) 'Ioyieyug ie hkeepnyo'
And now to the whole text generator
def gen_text(num_sentences=10): #  sizes = (randint(3, 12) for _ in range(num_sentences)) #  sentences = (gen_sentence(size) for size in sizes) #  return '. '.join(sentences) + '.' # 
- The text generator will accept one parameter
num_sentenceswith a default of 10.
- Creating a generator that will yield a number of words in each sentence a required number of times. We are limiting the sentence size here to 3 to 12 words.
- Creating a generator that will yield a new sentence a required number of times.
- Joining the generated sentences into a single string, separated by dots. We are also adding a dot at the end of the text.
Time for the final test!
>>> gen_text() 'Eeaidmt cznm aeoiemino ivjuyauq exieh aoioayif yavfkoa tasojm xuz qizxiyum iyoi fajo. Anuipcauo uac eunjtou oiy hougqf tulztiawk qooulu eiewewaii. Lxi isoxuau ooovox wtopuodu oom ougvoeyy ou calxja io reicye yaioyzx. Usmyuavq yoyu xioqei iiu ateuyau yeroueut gucuifuth tiazkkgc. Oyqzuy rnzouq ajiof qaxewxufo. Utiselorc qpoaoydoi kyvyiuao ofxaoiy ueyaoi azdacy lieaiiy au vteccye. Lopgygsz efixuio gi eyzeuxoa eea qwaycx impoetvy eoyijaum uoiighcq lyaxa xy. Yo yazd oio yyn gvyifzaeo eyz iewueuqze yy yeadvtx dqmdiy. Agiiorixk yae tvmu eeeoe aqjy eqnsouejn. Szejaae yl vuoaewt aujc nvkols auokud reaqopae.' >>> gen_text(2) 'Uyayu xpriicoe usao yua duleekayi loqk iop saiy iuys sciyaihs. Onacrtog ual iei nuuoaz gdgia yyoui.'
Our gibberish generator turned out quite decent. Now it's time to make it a Foliant preprocessor.
Complete source of the generator module
from random import choice from random import randint from random import random def pick_letter() -> str: """ Pick a random letter. Vowels have a higher chance of picking. Letters q, w, x and z have the lowest chance of picking. """ rare_letters = 'qwxz' vowels = 'aeiouy' consonants = 'cdfghjklmnprstv' pick = random() if pick > 0.9: return choice(rare_letters) elif pick > 0.3: return choice(vowels) else: return choice(consonants) def gen_word() -> str: """Return a word consisting of 2 to 9 letters.""" word_len = randint(2, 9) return ''.join(pick_letter() for _ in range(word_len)) def gen_sentence(num_words: int = 7) -> str: """Generate a sentence consisting of `num_words` words.""" words = (gen_word() for _ in range(num_words)) return ' '.join(words).capitalize() def gen_text(num_sentences: int = 10) -> str: """ Generate a paragraph of gibberish consisting of `num_sentences` senteces, each consisting of 3 to 12 words. """ sizes = (randint(3, 12) for _ in range(num_sentences)) sentences = (gen_sentence(size) for size in sizes) return '. '.join(sentences) + '.'